The Trouble With My Head

Albeck – Berl

1.) Albeck, Chanoch / Hanokh (1940-1944) Hebrew University / Talmudic Studies

 Hanoch Albeck (1890 – 1972) was a professor of Talmud at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He was one of the foremost scholars of the Mishna in his time and…one of the founders of the scientific approach to the study of the Mishna.


2.) Altmann, Berthold (1938-1944) University of Chicago Library / History

Berthold ALTMANN, Ph.D. (1902-1977); appears to me to have commenced work w/ US Army Research Labs circa 1940, and no later than 1950, &c. / “In 1927 it [Eho-Altissa] was taken over in by Emil Hofert and later continued by Berthold Altmann. In the early 1930s the company was successfully making box cameras. …” / Wrote “Studies in Medeviel German Jewish History“, pub. 1940, funded by American Academy for Jewish Research. / “The Autonomous Federation of Jewish Communities in Paderborn [1941]” / “…As evinced by Berthold Altmann and Harry Moskowitz “Dispersal[*1] – A Selected Reading List” in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Volume 7, no 9, 1951, pp. …” / “Dr. Berthold Altmann, “Freemasonry and Political Parties In Germany“, p. 278 of the American Masonic publication, New Age, May, 1955., cited by Paul Fisher, …” / “Part II: Test results and an analysis of ‘recall ratio’. by Berthold Altmann. 1965. The ABC (Approach-by-Concept) method has been designed to use the …” / A Natural Language Storage and Retrieval (ABC) Method: Its … “Berthold. Altmann. J. Chem. Doc., 1966, 6 (3), 154-157• DOI: 10.1021/c160022a012 • Publication … BERTHOLD ALTMANN. Harry Diamond Laboratories [*2], Washington, …” /  “PART 1. LINGUISTIC PROBLEMS AND OUTLINE OF A PROTOTYPE TEST, AUG 1968. Authors: Berthold Altmann; Walter A. Riessler; HARRY DIAMOND LABS ADELPHI / MD …” / HDL-TM-70-25 COMPARISON OF rDL SDI SERVICES BASED ON A PRELIMINARY … “Berthold Altmann. October 1970. U.S. ARMY MATERIEL COMMAND. HARRY. DIAMOND. LABORATORIES …. Berthold Altmann. S. REPORT DATE. 70. TOTAL NO, OF PAGES …” / HDL-TM-71-41 AUTOMATED SDI SERVICES by Berthold Altmann January 1972 “Berthold Altmann. January 1972. U.S. ARMY MATERIEL COMMAND. HARRY DIAMOND LABORATORIES. _. _. WASHINGTON. D.C. 20438. SAPPROVED …”

[*1] “Dispersal” was a campaign to permanently decentralize American cities before the USSR might acquire nuclear weapons to destroy, for the first time, an American city with only one bomb. A short-lived civil defense concept, dispersal was an idea that was rapidly outpaced in mid-1950s by the vast number and power of atomic weapons. No longer could there be hope to (simply) flee nuclear anhilation.” ]

[*2] ”The Harry Diamond Laboratories (HDL) began in 1940, though that name was not given to the organization until 1962. In 1992, HDL was one of seven Army laboratories merged into a new organization, the Army Research Lab. … In 1940, concerned about increasing warfare abroad, the National Defense Research Committee organized a group of scientists and engineers into the Ordnance Development Division of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), etc.”


3.) Altschul, Eugen, 1933-1942 University of Minnesota / Economics

(1887-1959) Eugen Altschul [*1] was born in Latvia (Libau, Lettland-Liepaja, Latvia) in Eastern Europe…chaired the Frankfurt Society for Research on Business Cycles since 1926 and edited a German edition of Wesley Clair Mitchell’s standard work Business Cycles in 1931…first emigrated to London in early 1933 and then to the US in December of that year…became a researcher at the NBER (National Bureau of Economic Research) from 1933-39 before he also got a job in the Roosevelt administration…went to work for U.S. Tariff Commission (for one thing). Professor of Business Administration and Economics: University of Minnesota (1938- then at the University of Kansas, Kansas City in 1946-)

Some writings: “Technical Progress and Agricultural Depression” for NBER with Dr. Frederick Strauss (Nov., 1937) / “National Income and Capital Formation, 1919-1935″ (1937) / The Spirit of Russian Economics, Reviewed by Altschul July, 1945 / Eugen Altschul & Erwin Biser, “The Validity of Unique Mathematical Models in Science” (1948) |

[*1] AltschulFrank Altschul – Sec. of CFR (1944-72) “Altschul was a senior partner of Lazard Freres, and a key member of the Council on Foreign Relations from 1934 to 1972, including its Secretary from 1944 and Vice President from 1951 to 1971. His sister, Edith Altschul Lehman, was married to New York Governor Herbert H. Lehman. Their son, John Robert Lehman, was managing director of Lehman Brothers. / Altschul was the first president of General American Investors Company, Inc. when it was established in 1927 / Charles Altschul – Frank’s father; also Lazard Freres, etc. / / Arthur Goodhart Altschul (1920-2002, son of Frank Altschul) was a Goldman Sachs Group partner and banking mogul who was on the Board of Trustees of many museums and “philanthropic” organisations, including the Whitney Museum, the United Jewish Appeal, the Overbrook Foundation, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the International Foundation for Art Research. Altschul also served as Director and Chairman of the Board of General American Investors Company. /


4.) Bargmann, Valentine (1940-1944) Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton / Physics

Valentine Bargmann (1908-1989) born in Berlin, Germany / Arrived at Princeton University in 1937 and began working as Einstein’s assistant at the Institute for Advanced Study. In 1943, Bargmann began working with John von Neumann, a member of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, on war-related research projects.


5.) Baumgardt, David (1934-1945) Library of Congress, Wash DC / Philosophy

David Baumgardt, born in Erfurt in 1890 / …emigrated to Great Britain in 1935 and to the United States in 1939, where he taught at various colleges and was consultant in philosophy to the Library of Congress. He died in New York City in 1963.


6.) Beck, Guido (1933-1942) Univ. of Kansas / Physics

 Worked with Richard Gans on Argentina’s Nuclear Project…

Guido Beck (19031988), born in what was then the town of Reichenberg in Austria-Hungary, and is now Liberec in the Czech Republic. He studied physics in Vienna and received his doctorate in 1925, under Hans Thirring. He worked in Leipzig in 1928 as an assistant to Werner Heisenberg. A combination of the troubled political climate of Europe in the 1930s, his own restlessness, and the Nazi persecutions in Germany, made the Jewish-born Beck a traveller in those years. He worked in Prague, the United States, the former Soviet Union (at Odessa University, 1935-1937), and finally France, where he was imprisoned when World War II broke out. In 1941, he fled to Portugal, and in 1943 he emigrated to Argentina.

In Argentina, he was instrumental in training several Argentinian physicists, including José Antonio Balseiro, and had a profound impact in developing physics in Argentina. He moved once more, this time to Brazil, in 1951, where his influence in developing physics was also great. / He was called back to Argentina in 1962, after the death of Balseiro, and continued his work at the Instituto Balseiro. / In 1975 he returned to Brazil, and worked in the Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF). / Apart from his influence as a teacher in South America he contributed to a theory of beta-decay, which was later superseded by a more complete theory by Fermi. He was a friend of the famous writer Ernesto Sabato. / He died in a car accident in Rio de Janeiro in 1988.


7.) Beck, Maximilian (1934, 1938-1939) Philosophy

‘…Among these the best known are Maximilian Beck and Gerda Walther.” “MAXIMILIAN BECK (-1950), who after escaping from his native Czechoslovakia in 1938 spent …” <The phenomenological movement: a historical introduction By Herbert Spiegelberg, Karl Schuhmann /


8.) Behrendt, Richard Fritz (1934-1944) Inter-American University, Panama / International Affairs

Richard Fritz Walter Behrendt (19081973, Berlin) was a German sociologist. –wikid / Weltbank (World Bank) and UNO (United Nations Organization) / Richard F. Behrendt war der Sohn eines Fabrikbesitzers in Gleiwitz (jetzt Gliwice, Polen). Er studierte an der Handelshochschule Nürnberg, dann an den Universitäten in Köln und in Basel (dort 1931 Habilitation) und an der London School of Economics. Von 1932 bis 1934 freie journalistische Tätigkeit, dann 1935-40 ordentlicher Professor für Soziologie und Nationalökonomie an der Universität Panama. / 1940-53 Lehrtätigkeit an verschiedenen amerikanischen Universitäten, Beratertätigkeit in Peru, Guatemala, Puerto Rico und Panama, u. a. im Auftrag der Internationalen Bank für Wiederaufbau und Entwicklung (Weltbank) und der UNO. 1953 außerordentliche Professur für Soziologie und Wirtschaftsorganisation an der Universität Bern, 1956 Ordinarius, 1960 Direktor des Instituts für Soziologie und Sozioökonomische Entwicklungsfragen der Universität Bern. 1965-73 ordentlicher Professor für Soziologie an der Freien Universität Berlin. / Book: Economic Nationalism in Latin America, and at least 18 in German language.


 9.) Berger, Adolf (1941-1944) New School for Social Research, NYC / Law

Adolf Berger: Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law, 1953 / ‘Lawyer turned historian’ – ‘laws being different here, made law practice difficult, etc.’ / “Refugee lawyers faced an almost impossible situation following their emigration. … Despite his precarious financial situation, Adolf Berger managed to …” <An Interrupted Past: German-Speaking Refugee Historians in the United States … By Hartmut Lehmann, James J. Sheehan / /

“Adolf Berger, Ernst Rabel, and Rafal Taubenschlag were also refugee historians of law. For reasons explained in Appendix 1, these historians are not …” … “… Artur Baron, Kurt Baron, Sally Baron, Adolf Berger, M.J. Benardete, …… Dorothy Frances Buxton, The Economics of the Refugee Problem [London? ….. Moshe Silberg, “Law and Morals in Talmudic Law,” The Hebrew University of …” / / I.11 Law I.12 Mathematics I.13 Musicology I.14 Philology …. Council for Assisting Refugee Academics see Society for the Protection of Science and Learning …… Adolf Berger; Francisco-Blasco y Fernandez Moreda; Franz Böhm; …” / / * Salo Baron: correspondent – Salo Wittmayer Baron was instrumental in establishing Jewish Studies as an academic discipline in the United States. An extraordinarily prolific historian, Baron also played an exceptional role in American Jewish organizational life. Baron was born in 1895 in Tarnow, now in Poland but then part of Austrian Galicia. His parents, Elias Baron and Minna Wittmayer Baron, were orthodox Jews, and Elias Baron was a banker and Jewish community leader.


10.) Bergmann, Gustav (1938-1944) State U. of Iowa / Mathematics

 Gustav Bergmann (1906-1987) was an ontologist born in Vienna, Austria. / In his time in the United States (1938-) a professor of philosophy and psychology at the University of Iowa where he taught and studied until his death in 1987. / …worked with Albert Einstein …  assisting Einstein’s work in physics in 1931.

May Brodbeck (his student) May Brodbeck | Jewish Women’s Archive / “She taught high school chemistry and later participated in the Manhattan Project for development of the atomic bomb during World War II. … There, under Gustav Bergmann, she took her master’s degree (1945) and her doctorate (1947) in …” / /
“the philosopher of science Gustav Bergmann, a logical positivist, who provided the sort of…”


11.) Berl, Ernst (1933-1945) Carnegie Inst. of Technology (Pittsburgh, Pa.) / Chemistry

 Ernst Berl (1877-1946), who came to the United States to work on explosives and chemical warfare.

Dr. Ernst Berl, chemical-warfare specialist for Austria-Hungary in World War I, and for the U.S. in World War II,  etc.

Ernst BERL / Protoproduct:

“…Ernst Berl, who was in 1918 appointed Professor at the “Technische Hochschule” at Darmstadt and after his forced emigration in 1933 at the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh…”

Time: Science: Recipe for Fuel / Monday, Sep. 23, 1940 — “To the American Chemical Society convened in Detroit last week, Professor Ernst Berl of Pittsburgh’s Carnegie Institute for Technology made an astonishing announcement. He said he had made, experimentally but successfully, oil, coal, coke and asphalt from grass, leaves, seaweed, sawdust, scrap lumber, corn, cornstalks, cotton.” etc.,9171,801995,00.html

Monthly patents for 1924-03-27 “Ernst Berl; United Kingdom GB195408 – A new or improved process of producing mixtures of oil and coal (1924-03-27). 51. John Edward Thornton; United Kingdom …”


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