The Trouble With My Head

Brauer – Cassuto

23.) Brauer, Alfred Theodore (1933, 1940-1944) U of North Carolina / Mathematics

 Alfred Brauer – Born: 1894 in Berlin, Germany Died: 1985. “…He had a younger, and more famous, brother Richard Brauer (see below) / Brauer was still in Berlin hoping to be allowed to emigrate in 1938 but there were problems on all sides. Hopf wrote to Richard Brauer, already in the United States in 1938:- “The US Consulate in Berlin declared that [Alfred Brauer] could not receive the so-called ‘professor visa’ (with which one can immediately enter the US) and that according to law it was only for people who were in an academic position during the last two years and that he hadn’t been in such a position!!” / Alfred Brauer did succeed in obtaining permission to enter the United States and temporary employment was organised for him by the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars in New York. We should note in passing that the driving force behind that committee who was responsible for saving Brauer (and many other German academics) was the American Stephen Duggan. He committed suicide in 1950 when he was being investigated during the McCarthy period because of his many connections with foreigners through working for the Emergency Committee.” [<<<this biog writer is in error here: it was Stephen Duggan’s son Laurence Duggan – close friend of Edward R. Murrow and a spy for Russia, etc.  – who was suicided in 1948, in the midst of giving testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in connection with the Hiss investigation. An easily forgiven and understandable mistake tho’ (See Stephen Duggan). /]

Another who had helped arrange for Brauer to go to the United States was Weyl [Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, 1885-1955]. When Brauer reached the USA he went to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton as Weyl’s assistant.” etc.


24.) Brauer, Richard (1933-1936, 1941, 1944) U of Toronto / Mathematics

Richard Dagobert Brauer, 1901-1977 / “German-American mathematician and educator, a pioneer in the development of algebra theory. He worked with Weyl on several projects including a famous joint paper on spinors (published in 1935 in the American Journal of Mathematics). This work provided a background for Paul Dirac’s theory of the spinning electron within the framework of quantum mechanics. With Nesbitt, Brauer introduced the theory of blocks (1937). Brauer used this to obtain results on finite groups, particularly finite simple groups, and the theory of blocks would play a big part in much of Brauer’s later work. Starting with his group-theoretical characterisation of the simple groups (1951), he spent the rest of his life formulating a method to classify all finite simple groups.”

“…a one year appointment was arranged for Brauer in Lexington, Kentucky for the academic year 1933-34. In November 1933 Brauer arrived to take up his appointment at the University of Kentucky…/ Following his year in Lexington, Brauer was appointed as Weyl’s assistant at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He wrote “I had hoped since the days of my PhD thesis to get in contact with [Weyl] some day; this dream was now fulfilled. / Collaboration between Brauer and Weyl on several projects followed, in particular a famous joint paper on spinors published in 1935 in the American Journal of Mathematics. This work was to provide a background for the work of Paul Dirac in his exposition of the theory of the spinning electron within the framework of quantum mechanics. … A permanent post followed the two temporary posts when Brauer accepted an assistant professorship at the University of Toronto in Canada in the autumn of 1935. It was largely as a result of Emmy Noether’s recommendation, which she made while visiting Toronto, which led to his appointment.”


25.) Brauer, Theodor (1933-1934, 1937-1942) St Thomas College (St. Paul, Mn.) / Economics

 Theodor Brauer (1880-1942) was an economics professor at the College of St. Thomas. One of Germany’s outstanding Catholic social philosophers, he lost his job at the University of Cologne when the Nazis came to power. He served on the CST faculty from 1937 until his death in 1942.

The Christian trade unions in the Weimar Republic, 1918-1933: the … “… who wanted to involve Theodor Brauer in a commission to draft detailed proposals for corporatist social reform. 118 During the last two weeks of April, …” – The Christian trade unions in the Weimar Republic, 1918-1933: the failure of … By William L. Patch


26.) Braun, Kurt (1940-1944) Brookings Inst. (Wash D.C.) / Economics

The Settlement of Industrial Disputes by Kurt Braun at Questia … Book by Kurt Braun; The Blakiston Company, 1944 / “1955 labor disputes and their settlement. By Kurt Braun. 1956 / University of Texas – Cactus Yearbook Class of 1963 Page 128 – “The Department of Economics presents Dr. Kurt Braun, chief of the Division of Foreign Labor Conditions, U.S. Bureau of Statistics in a lecture on …” / Howard University, Washington, D.C.: Kurt Braun: Economics; 1943–1969 / “Labor disputes and their settlement. by Kurt Braun. (Greenwood Press, 1973) … The settlement of industrial disputes by Kurt Braun …” Union-management co-operation by Kurt Braun. (Brookings Institution, 1955) … The right to organize and its limits by Kurt Braun …” / Book Reviews: The Right To Organize and Its Limits. By KURT BRAUN … Political Research Quarterly 1951 4: 338-340.


27.) Brook, Warner Frederick (1933-1934, 1939-1945) / Economics

Social and economic history of Germany from William II to Hitler … — Author: [Warner Frederick Brook] / The road to planned economy by Warner Frederick Brook / “International policy in a synthetic era: Cartellization–the missing link, a preliminary report by Warner Frederick Brook …” / Social and Economic History of Germany fiom. Wilhelm 11 to Hitler, 1888-1938 (London, 1938), p. 174. …” / The German TVA / WF Brook – The Journal of Land & Public Utility Economics, 1944 – / THOUGH it may sound paradoxical, war and especially the blitz can be and actually is a stimulant to true planning. The Rhine-Ruhr industrial area at this time is one of the most bombed regions of the world. Nonetheless, there … International War Indemnity Board WF Brook – UMKC Law Review, 1943 – HeinOnline / An International War Indemnity Board Its Function: Its Legal Set-up Warner F. Brook* I. THE WORLD POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC BACKGROUND This essay will deal with a European type of economic and legal organization which is, indeed, … Die Organisationen der deutschen Kunstspinnstoffwirtschaft …


28.) Bruck, Eberhard Friedrich (1938-1944) Harvard / Law

“…”For example, Eberhard Friedrich Bruck, a professor of legal history in Bonn, emigrated at age 62, in the US he became a mere research associate at the Harvard University Law School. …” An Interrupted Past By Hartmut Lehmann, James J. Sheehan,+James+J.+Sheehan&source=bl&ots=etxpxWwlab&sig=d95kTL-iHZhaillGoOgi4jxVR44&hl=en#v=onepage&q=&f=false

“…1933 who came to the United States include Eberhard Friedrich Brück, Guido Kisch , Richard. Laqueur, Ernst Levy, Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy, Eugen Täubler, …” A Past Renewed, Catherine Epstein


29.) Buber, Martin (1933-1943) Hebrew U. / Philosophy

 Martin Buber (February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a religious existentialism centered on the distinction between the I-Thou relationship and the I-It relationship. / Martin (Hebrew name: מָרְדֳּכַי, Mordechai) Buber was born in Vienna to an Orthodox Jewish family. His grandfather, Solomon Buber, in whose house in Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine) Buber spent much of his childhood, was a renowned scholar of Midrash and Rabbinic Literature. At home Buber spoke Yiddish and German. In 1892, Buber returned to his father’s house in Lemberg. A personal religious crisis led him to break with Jewish religious customs: he started reading Immanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, and Friedrich Nietzsche. The latter two, in particular, inspired him to pursue studies in philosophy. In 1896, Buber went to study in Vienna (philosophy, art history, German studies, philology). In 1898, he joined the Zionist movement, participating in congresses and organizational work. In 1899, while studying in Zürich, Buber met his future wife, Paula Winkler, a non-Jewish Zionist writer from Munich who later converted to Judaism.


30.) Bukofzer, Manfred F. (1939-1944) U. of California, Berkeley / Musicology

Manfred Bukofzer (19101955) was a GermanAmerican musicologist and humanist. He studied at Heidelberg University and the Stern conservatory in Berlin, but left Germany in 1933, going to Basle, where he received his doctorate. In 1939 he moved to the United States where he remained, becoming a U.S. citizen. He taught at the University of California, Berkeley from 1941 until his premature death.


31.) Burg, Walter (1935-1937, 1940-1941, 1944) U. of Toledo (Oh.) / Chemistry

In 1936 Walter V. Burg ( Dipl. Ing., Berlin) was appointed to an instructorship under a grant made to the university by the Committee on Displaced German Scholars. The following year he received a permanent appointment with the rank of Associate Professor of Chemistry replacing Mr. Signer. Professor Burg proved to be a versatile and progressive member of the faculty. He had soon instituted a course in Chemical Technology and had taken over the course in Metallurgy, modernizing it and adding laboratory work. In the latter war years, he became Head of the Physics Department and in 1946 he was asked to develop a program in Chemical Engineering.


32.) Cassel, Hans (1933-1942) International Filter Company, Chicago, Il. / Chemistry

UNCLASSIFIED: “ATTN: Dr. H. M. Cassel. 32-33. Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. Livermore, California. ATTN: Dr. R. Duff. 34-35. Sandia Corporation. Division 5133 …”

Hans M. Cassel: Lecturer at the Technical University of Berlin. from Augsburg [?] / CASSEL TRUST Correspondence, 1933-4 MS. S.P.S.L. 59/5 MS. S.P.S.L. 99/3 / CASSEL, Dr. Hans M. (1891-) File 1936-37 MS. S.P.S.L. 210/5 / Ladislaus Brull; A Burawoy; Georg Burger; Fernando Calvet; Hans M Cassel; Günther Cohn; Veronika V (Vera) Daniel; Carl Drucker; Georg Edinger; Maximilian R Ehrenstein / Shelfmark: MS. S.P.S.L. 210/1-10
Extent: 478 leaves

Bureau of Mines * Division of Explosives Technology * 4800 Forbes Avenue * Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania * ATTN: Dr. H. M. Cassel / “HM Cassel, US Bureau of Mines, RI 6551, 1964. 7. J. Murray, rc Austine, and J. Nagg, us Bureau of Mines, Inv. 6516, 1964. 8. ps Tonkin and pj Fandell, …” / Viola, b. June 3, 1912, d. Oak Grove, wife of H.M. Cassel? /

Research Article DIMENSIONS OF SOAP MOLECULES AS SUPPOSEDLY DEDUCED FROM SURFACE TENSION MEASUREMENTS Hans M. Cassel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57 (10), p 2009 DOI: 10.1021/ja01313a507 Publication Date: October 1935 / Letters to Editor, Nature 137, 405-405 (07 March 1936) | doi:10.1038/137405a0 Stability of Emulsions HANS M. CASSEL Abstract EMULSIONS of one liquid or gaseous phase in another usually collapse, returning to the initial state, that of two co-existing phases in bulk. Stabilisation, however, may be obtained by adding an “emulsifyer”, capable of forming films around the particles which inhibit the exchange of molecules between the internal and the external phase. / ADSORPTION ON CURVED SURFACES AND EMULSIFICATION Hans M. Cassel J. Phys. Chem., 1938, 42 (4), pp 475–482 DOI: 10.1021/j100899a003 Publication Date: January 1938 / Science 20 January 1939: Vol. 89. no. 2299, p. 58 DOI: 10.1126/science.89.2299.58-a / THE MOVEMENT OF WATER FROM CONCENTRATED TO DILUTE SOLUTIONS THROUGH LIQUID MEMBRANES Hans M. Cassel and Gilbert D. Miles / “Estimation of the Surface Area of Solid Particles. [The Journal of Chemical Physics 14, 217 (1946)]. Hans M. Cassel.” / “Condensation Coefficient and Adsorption. [The Journal of Chemical Physics 17, 1000 (1949)]. Hans M. Cassel.”
“The Cassel family had to leave their home in Pasay to make room for an officer … Hans Cassel were loaded onto trucks and fourteen -year-old Lotte was left …” Escape to Manila: from Nazi tyranny to Japanese terror By Frank Ephraim
“Hans Meyer-Cassel (German, 1872-1952)[<<<?] / Shanghai to Manila, Phillipines…Cassel family, in Pasay, / Sabine Cassel (ma?), Isadore (pa?) 14 yr. old Lotte (sis?) w/ Hannah Kaunitz, Lipetz, Eichholz, Preiss, Lowenstein, Ascher families.”

Deichmann, Ute, 1951- The Expulsion of Jewish Biochemists from Academia in Nazi Germany Perspectives on Science – Volume 7, Number 1, Spring 1999, pp. 1-86 The MIT Press In contrast to anti-Jewish campaigns at German universities in the 19th century, which met with opposition from liberal scholars, among them prominent chemists, there was no public reaction to the dismissals in 1933. Germany had been an international leader in (bio-)chemistry until the 1930s. Due to a high proportion of Jewish physicists, (bio-)chemistry was strongly affected by the expulsion of scientists. Organic and inorganic chemistry were least affected, while biochemistry suffered most. Polymer chemistry and quantum chemistry, of minor importance among the majority of academic chemists (despite pioneering work by German physicists) was further weakened by the expulsion of renowned scientists. However, a look at the research carried out in Nazi Germany shows that no field of research “emigrated” as such, except research into molecular beams. The reception of emigré (bio-)chemists differed with respect to their field of research and the degree of competition in the host countries. Thus biochemists and physical chemists were accepted at American universities, whereas organic chemists were not. In contrast, they received high positions in Turkey, Palestine/Israel, and Egypt. After WWII, few emigrés were asked to come back. The delay of the resumption of international contacts by German (bio-)chemists contributed to the delay in rebuilding in particular German biochemistry, the physical chemistry of polymers, and physical organic chemistry.

Assistent am KWI für Physikalische Chemie, Hans Cassel, Privatdozent an der TH. Berlin, und Gertrud Kornfeld, Privatdozentin an der Universität Berlin. …” / “… the KWI for Physical Chemistry, Hans Cassel, lecturer at the Technical University of Berlin, and Gertrud Kornfeld, lecturer at the University of Berlin . …”

“… Letter from Linus Pauling to Hans M. Cassel. RE: Does not like his idea in his letter to the New York Times. Says it is based on the idea of hostages. …”

Einstein in context: a special issue of Science in context “… overshadows (his) high appreciation of his colleague” (HM Cassel to Einstein Archives, 5 March 1972, The Einstein Archives). Charles Lindemann, who also …” Einstein in context: a special issue of Science in context By Mara Beller, Robert Sonné Cohen, Jürgen Renn

“Einstein’s amiable sense of humor, so entirely strange to Nernst’s character, overshadows (his) high appreciation of his colleague.” –H.M. Cassel to Einstein archives, 5 March, 1972, The Einstein Archives

Kristallnacht in Augsburg “Hans Cassel; Ernst Cramer; Dr. Julius Nordlinger; Henry Landman; Joseph Landman; Arthur Luchs; Max Luchs; Siegfried Mandle; Julius Meyer; Heinrich Neuburger …” / KRISTALLNACHT On November 9, 1938 Hitler used as an excuse the killing of a German diplomat in Paris to show the “spontaneous” planned assault on the Jewish Community. It was to show the world once and for all what he intended to do to the Jews of Germany and to see if anyone in the world would react. / Thousands of synagogues and Jewish businesses were destroyed and approximately 20,000 Jewish men were rounded up and sent to concentration camps on that day merely for the crime of being Jewish. Augsburg sent about 200 men to Dachau on November 10, 1938. This section is being created to tell the story of what happened. There are about a half a dozen of these men who are still alive, and I hope to get their stories posted. / There were hundreds of Jews arrested from Augsburg on Kristallnacht and sent to Dachau. Here is a partial list of names of people who were arrested that night. Please email me with more names.: Hans Cassel Ernst Cramer Dr. Julius Nordlinger Henry Landman Joseph Landman Arthur Luchs Max Luchs Siegfried Mandle Julius Meyer Heinrich Neuburger Salo Neuburger Ernst Oppenheimer Max oppenheimer Rabbi Dr. Ernst Sacob Alfred Stein Walter Sturm Erich Teutsch Kurt Waitzfelder Mr. Westheimer Adolph Zinner Leopold Zinner Herr Wormser ”

“…mixtures was obtained with the help of the Bunsen conical flame. Hans Cassel was the first to demonstrate that suspensions …” / “…were Hans Cassel, Rudi Barta and Walter Fuchs. Meetings were held in. 2. ‘ Information obtained in interviews with Alfred Eisenstadter on 28th January, …” / “Hans Cassel was the first to demonstrate that suspensions of micron-size solid fuel particles in a gaseous oxidizer can also form self-sustained Bunsen …” / “Hans M. Cassel. Abstract. Vaporization of pure liquids is reviewed as a problem of heat transfer and the rate of vapor bubble creation. …” “… properties of the combustion products of graphite and oxygen in idealized dust flames / by Robert W. Smith, Jr., Edwin B. Cook, and Hans M. Cassel. …” Von Hans M. Cassel, Colgate-. Palmolive-Peet Company. Gegenwirtiger Stand der Theorie: Die. Theorie tier diffusen Doppelschichten kann zuge- …” Role of the gas phase in the transition of condensed material to … “H. M. Cassel and J. Liebman, Combust. Flame, 3, No. 4, 467 (1959). H. M. Cassel and J. Liebman, C0mbust. Flame, 7, No. 1, 79 (1963). …” Materials Letters : Ammonium perchlorate phase transitions to 26 … “[21 ] H.M. Cassel and I. Liebman, J. Chem. Phys. 34 ( 1960) 343. [22] P.W.M. Jacobs and A. RussellJones, J. Phys. Chem. 72 ( 1968) 202. …” hm Cassel, I. Liebman and wk Mock. 602. Combustion of Explosives and Solid Propellants. 77. Ignition of Explosives. ch Johansson, A. Persson and hl Selberg …” The Role of the Electric Potential at the Phase Boundary in Flotation* “(23) H. M. Cassel, J. Chem. Phys., 14 (1946), 462. (24) A. Inaba, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 23 (1950), 146. (25) K. Kanamaru and K. Shimura, J. Soc. Chem. …” 14. Calculation of Thermodynamic Functions of Adsorbed Molecules from … “attention that H. M. Cassel (Physik. Z.,. 26, 862. (1925);. 28152. (1927)) anticipated some of the two-dimensional thermodynamics of Rowleg and Innes. …” Simple Hard-Disk Monolayer Isotherms with Phase Transitions’ “H. M. Cassel, J . Phys. Chem.,. 48, 195 (1944). (7). T. L. Hill, J. Chem. Phys., . 15, 767 (1947). (8) M. Metropolis,. A. W. Rosenbluth, …” Minimum ignition temperature of polyethylene dust: a theoretical model “H. M. Cassel and I. Liebman, Combust. Flame 3, 467—75. (1959). 4. H. M. Cassel, US Bureau of Mines, RI 6551, Pittsburgh, …”;2-Y Fluid dynamics “46 HM Cassel and H. Schultz, in Proc. US National Conference on Air Pollution ( CL McCabe, ed.). p. 634. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1952. …” Combustion of Aluminum Particles with Steam and Liquid Water “hm Cassel, “Some Fundamental Aspects of Dust Flames,” us Bureau of Mines, Report of Investigation 6551,. Pittsburgh, PA., November 1964. …” SECTION “H. M. Cassel and K. Neugebauer, J. Phys. Chem., 1936,. 40,. Gases,’ Butterworths , London, 1962, chap. 2. 680. science, New York, 1964. 1960, 56, 846. …” FHA – The pathogenesis of Vaccinia virus toxicity. I. The role of … “When mice are injected intravenously with a large dose of vaccinia virus, prepared in the Ehrlich ascites carcinoma of the mouse, there is a precipitous …” Direct experimental validation of the Jones–Ray effect “[9] H.M. Cassel, J. Chem. Phys. 14 (1946) 462. [10] L. Onsager, N.N.T. Samaras, J. Phys. Chem. 2 (1934) 528. [11] K.A. Karraker, C.J. Radke, Adv. Coll. …” AGLAN 44106 is is is a is is is is “hm Cassel, us Bureau of Mines, RI 6551, 1964. 7. J. Murray, rc Austine, and J. Nagg, us Bureau of Mines, Inv. 6516, 1964. 8. ps Tonkin and pj Fandell, …” “H. M. Cassel and E. Krumbein, “Influence of pressure on the overvoltage of the electrolysis of water,” Zeits. f. physik. Chemie A171, 70 (1934). …” Note on the Sublimation of Ammonium Perchlorate. [The Journal of Chemical Physics 34, 343 (1961)]. H. M. Cassel, I. Liebman.” Moderate Hypothermia Improves Neurobehavioral Deficits after an … “GERMANO, I.M., BARTOWSKI, H.M., CASSEL, M.E., et al. (1987). The therapeutic value of nimodipine in experimental focal cerebral ischemia. J. Neurosurg. …” Full text of “The Industrial Arts Index Thirty Second Annual … “H. M. Cassel. bibliog- J Phys Chem 48:195-202 Jl ‘44 Condensation and … H. M. Cassel. bibliog J Chem Phys 12:115-16 Mr ‘44 Conduct of amino acids in …”


33.) Cassuto, Umberto Moshe David (1939-1944) Hebrew U. / Philology

 Umberto Moshe David Cassuto (1883–1951), was a rabbi and biblical scholar born in Florence, Italy. / From 1914 to 1925, he was chief rabbi of Florence. / When the 1938 anti-Semitic laws forced him from this position, he moved to the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. / his most enduring legacy may be his commentaries on the Hebrew Bible.

Umberto Moshe David Cassuto (1885-1951), Bible scholar. — Born in Florence, Italy, he studied there at the university and the Collegio Rabbinico. After graduating in humanities and receiving his rabbinic diploma, he took up teaching positions in both institutions. At this time his main research was on the history and literature of the Jews of Italy. From 1914 to 1925 Cassuto was chief rabbi of Florence and then in 1925 became professor of Hebrew language and literature in the University of Florence and then took the chair of Hebrew at the University of Rome. Here he began to catalogue the Hebrew manuscripts in the Vatican but the 1938 anti-Semitic laws forced him out of his positions and he continued his academic career at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He edited a Bible with Hebrew commentary that has remained an Israel school classic. His interests focused on Bible exegesis in which he contested the documentary theory of Wellhausen on the origin of the Pentateuch, postulating its redaction to a school around the 10th century BCE. Cassuto also made important contributions to Ugaritic studies.CASSUTO, Umberto. The documentary hypothesis and the composition of the Pentateuch: eight lectures by U. Cassuto. Translated from the Hebrew by Israel Abrahams. Pp. xii, 117. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1961 * CASSUTO, Umberto. A commentary on the book of Genesis. Translated from the Hebrew by Israel Abrahams. 2 vols. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1961-1964 * CASSUTO, Umberto. A commentary on the book of Exodus. Translated from the Hebrew by Israel Abrahams. Pp. xvi, 509. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1967 * CASSUTO, Umberto. Biblical and oriental studies. Translated from the Hebrew and Italian by Israel Abrahams. 2 vols. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1973-1975 * CASSUTO, Umberto. Storia della letteratura ebraica postbiblica. Pp. xvi, 212. Firenze: Casa editrice Israel, 1938 * Links:
The Virtual Jewish History Tour – Florence / Tempio Maggiore, The Great Synagogue of Florence

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