The Trouble With My Head

Fraenkel – Freund

56.) Fraenkel, Abraham Adolf (1933-1943) Hebrew U. / Mathematics

 Abraham Halevi (Adolf) Fraenkel (Hebrew: אברהם הלוי (אדולף) פרנקל; Munich, GermanyJerusalem, Israel), known as Abraham Fraenkel, was an Israeli mathematician born in Germany.

Fraenkel studied mathematics at the University of Munich, University of Berlin, University of Marburg and University of Breslau; after graduating, he lectured at the University of Marburg from 1916, and was promoted to professor in 1922. / After leaving Marburg in 1928, Fraenkel taught at the University of Kiel for a year. He then made the fateful choice of accepting a position at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, which had been founded four years earlier, where he spent the rest of his career. He became the first Dean of the Faculty of Mathematics, and for a while served as Rector of the University.

Fraenkel was a fervent Zionist and as such was a member of Jewish National Council and the Jewish Assembly of Representatives under the British mandate. He also belonged to the Mizrachi religious wing of Zionism, which promoted Jewish religious education and schools, and which advocated giving the Chief Rabbinate authority over marriage and divorce. /


57.) Franck, James (1933-1944) U of Chicago / Physics

  The German-Israeli James Franck w/ Hertha Sponer… 

James Franck (18821964) was a German physicist and Nobel laureate . / In 1933, after the Nazis came to power, he left his post in Germany and continued his research in the United States, first at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and then, after a year in Denmark, in Chicago. This is where he became involved in the Manhattan Project during World War II; he was Director of the Chemistry Division of the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago. He was also the chairman of the Committee on Political and Social Problems regarding the atomic bomb; the committee consisted of himself and other scientists at the Met Lab, including Donald J. Hughes, J. J. Nickson, Eugene Rabinowitch, Glenn T. Seaborg, J. C. Stearns and Leo Szilard. The committee is most known for the compilation of the Franck Report, finished on June 11, 1945, which was a summary of the problems regarding the military application of the atomic bomb. / He died suddenly in 1964 while visiting Göttingen.


58.) Franck, Louis R. (1940-1944) Office of Strategic Services, Wash. DC / Economics

Louis R. Franck * Roosevelt administration * Histoire économique et sociale des Etats-Unis de 1919 à 1949 * “Louis R. Franck. L’expérience Roosevelt et le milieu social américain. R.-FRANCK Expérience Roosevelt et le milieu social américain Alean éditeur Paris 1937 …” / See also Louis R. Franck: “The Forces of Collaboration,” Foreign Affairs, October 1942, and Raymond Brugere, Veni, Vidi, Vichy (Paris, …”

ARTICLES. Les étapes de la remobilisation américaine – Louis R. FRANCK – N° 08- 09 – 1951. Louis R. FRANCK. Retour à la liste des auteurs.” “Dr. Louis R. Franck was scheduled to appear on the lecture course program of November 1. His position in the Ministry of. Economics of the French gov- …” / 

An Economic and Social Diagnosis of National- Socialism by Louis R. Franck, Professeur à l Institut d Etudes Politiques de UUniversite de Paris …” / also Louis R. Franck: {The Forces of Collaboration}, (Foreign Affairs,. October 1942) / “Louis R. Franck. L’expérience Roosevelt et le milieu social américain. R.-FRANCK Expérience Roosevelt et le milieu social américain Alean éditeur Paris 1937 …”


59.) Frank, Erich (1933-1945) Harvard / Philosophy

Erich Frank (1883–1949) German-American philosopher / born Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Amsterdam, Netherlands.

German philosopher whose writings played a role in the emergence of the German existential movement. Neither an idealist nor a constructivist, as were his contemporaries, he believed philosophy’s role was to seek “faith” through understanding rather than religious spirituality or scientific experimentation.

Erich Frank studied philology and classics at the universities of Vienna, Freiburg, and Berlin. In 1907 he turned to philosophy, which he studied in Heidelberg under Heinrich Rickert and Wilhelm Windelband. His philosophical career in Germany was brief but distinguished. In 1923 he became professor at Heidelberg, and five years later he was appointed Martin Heidegger’s successor in Marburg. Three years after his dismissal from Marburg in 1936, he came to Harvard on a research fellowship and made America his second home. etc.

“The real proof of God is the agonised attempt to deny God”, concludes philosopher Erich Frank (Philosophical Understanding and Religious Truth) etc.


60.) Frank, Philipp (1933, 1936-1943) ???? / Physics

 Philipp Frank was a physicist, mathematician and also an influential philosopher during the first half of the 20th century. / He was born 20 March 1884 in Vienna, Austria, and died on 21 July 1966 in Cambridge, Massachusetts / He studied physics at the University of Vienna and graduated in 1907 with a thesis in theoretical physics under the supervision of Ludwig Boltzmann. Albert Einstein recommended him as his successor for a professorship at the German Charles-Ferdinand University of Prague, a position which he held from 1912 until 1938. He then emigrated to the United States, where he became a lecturer of physics and mathematics at Harvard University. / He was a colleague and admirer of both Mach and Einstein. / Philosophy of Science, Prentice Hall (1957) / Einstein: His Life and Times (1947) / Foundations of Physics /


61.) Fränkel (also Fraenkel), Hermann Ferdinand (1933-1944) Stanford / Classics

Hermann Ferdinand Fränkel (18881977) was a German American classical scholar. He served as professor of Ancient Greek philology at Stanford University until 1953. / Descent of an academic family, Fränkel studied classics at Berlin, Bonn and Göttingen. He later lectured at Göttingen, but was denied a professorship after the Machtergreifung. Eluding increasing racial discrimination by the Nazis, Fränkel immigrated to the United States in 1935. He was offered a professorship at Stanford only short after. He also held guest professorships at University of California, Berkeley and Cornell University. / Fränkel made important contributions to Early Greek poetry and philosophy interpretation.

“Hermann Frankel, Professor of Classics Emeritus, died in Santa Cruz on April 8, 1977.’ … “In that year he married Lilli Frankel, whose brother, Eduard Frankel, was also a classical scholar…”


62.) Frankl, Oskar (also Oscar) (1939-1944) 250 Riverside Dr., NYC / Education

 Oskar Benjamin Frankl [<?]

Reshaping the past: Jewish history and the historians “We shall single out Josef Fraenkel (1946), Oscar Frankl (1949), Israel Cohen ( 1959), Karl Rosenfeld (1956) and Joseph Adler (1962). …” –Values, interests and identity: Jews and politics in a changing world, by Peter Y. Medding / How Jews became Germans, by Deborah Sadie Hertz–vE&hl=en#v=onepage&q=&f=true / Jews, Christians, and the endtime in early modern Germany “Jewish Culture in Renaissance and Baroque Italy (New York, 1992), pp. 299–323. …. Oskar Frankl, Oskar, Der Jude in den deutschen Dichtungen des 15. …”


63.) Frankl, Paul (1933-1934, 1938-1944) Inst. of Advanced Study, Princeton / History of Art

Paul Frankl (1877–1962) was a thoughtful interpreter of Gothic architecture.”

Paul Frankl Papers, 1900-1974: Finding Aid C0779 

Creator: Paul Frankl,  Title and dates: Paul Frankl Papers, 1900-1974 Abstract: The Paul Frankl Papers consists of correspondence, writings, notebooks, photographs, and printed matter of the Czech art historian, architect, author, and educator Paul Frankl (1878-1962). A native of Prague, Frankl came to the United States in 1938, and shortly afterwards settled in Princeton, New Jersey, where he was associated with the Institute for Advanced Study.

Biography of Paul Frankl / Frankl, an art historian and architect, was a native of Prague who came to the United States in 1938 and shortly afterwards settled in Princeton, New Jersey, where he was associated with the Institute for Advanced Study until his death in 1962.

Description / The collection consists of correspondence, writings, notebooks, photographs, and printed matter. Frankl’s correspondents include Klaus Berger, Roger Baldwin, Fyke Farmer, Margaret Fries, Helmuth Gottschalk, Georg Hoeltje, Richard Krautheimer, Erwin Panofsky, Josepha Weitzman-Fiedler, and others. There is a large selection of correspondence with Nikolaus Pevsner (1947-1961) about the publication of Frankl’s Gothic Architecture for the Pelican History of Art, edited by Pevsner. There are also drafts of letters by Frankl to Pearl Buck and Albert Einstein.

The writings include illustrations and photographs for The Gothic (1960); manuscripts and notes in English and German for Gothic Architecture (1962); manuscripts in German, French, and English for Frankl’s work on world government, Weltregierung (1948), with other writings by Erich Kahler and Peter Frederic West, and printed matter also related to a proposed international organization of government; typescripts (1961) for Zu Fragen des Stiles (edited by Ernst Ullman and published in 1988); several articles, notes, and photographs on stained glass; and miscellaneous writings. Also present are photographs of examples of Gothic architecture and four photographs of Frankl; miscellaneous printed material, including a copy of Die Entwicklungsphasen der Neueran Baukunst (1914); 35 notebooks of notes on architecture and other topics; 14 daily diaries (1936-1949); and a charcoal portrait (1900) of a Jew by the artist Jan Styka.

Paul Frankl, who taught at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, was the author of The Gothic: Literary Interpretations Through Eight Centuries. / Gothic architecture By Paul Frankl, Paul Crossley


64.) Franzen, Erich (1936-1944) Office of War Information, DC / Letters

Erich Franzen (b. 1892) “…search, Princeton, N. J., on request of the Office of War Information. …. of Erich Franzen who is on leave to work in the Foreign Broadcasting Service. …” Resisting Hitler: Mildred Harnack and the Red Orchestra “… novelists and playwrights Ernst von Salomon, Max Mohr, Adam Kuckhoff, and Otto Zoff; translator Franz Fein; critic Erich Franzen; journalist Margret …”

Weimar in exile: the antifascist emigration in Europe and America, by Jean Michel Palmier “Meeting the writer Erich Franzen, he learned that the police had already visited his apartment. Continuing to believe in a way out,168 he wandered the …”

De psychologische test – Erich Franzen – De psychologische test; achtergrond en methodiek. Oorspr titel: Testpsychologie / JSTOR: Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory. “Erich Franzen. American Sociological Review, Vol. 7, No. 1, 126-128. Feb., 1942. Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory. …” / “I wish to express my indebtedness to Erich Franzen for the term, “transitional member,” as a designation for one type of transient members, as well as for …” / Psychologie > Erich Franzen De psychologische test achtergrond en methodiek Oorspr titel Testpsychologie Persönlichkeits und Charactertests Vert Drs RH …” / “… Max von Brück, Ernst Robert Curtius, Ralf Dahrendorf, Tibor Déry, Hilde Domin, Günter Eich, Erich Franzen, Günter Bruno Fuchs, Peter Gan, Arnold Gehlen, …” / “Formen des modernen Dramas by Erich Franzen. C. H. Beck, 1961. Formen des modernen Dramas by Erich Franzen. Beck, 1961 …” / Search Results for Socialism – Bibliomania – Carefully packing … “It was edited by the S.P. “national office staff. … I. R. S. P. Information Sheets: Brief History of the I. R. S. P., Women, Loyalism, … Sidney Hook, Erich Franzen, Peter Anders, Fritz Baade, Ignazio Silone, …. “Class War in Germany” by J. B. Matthews, “The Middle Western Farmers on Strike” by Nathaniel Weyl. …” / / Christopher Center Library Services: New Circulating Titles for … “Formen des modernen Dramas : von der Illusionsbuhne zum Antitheater / Erich Franzen Munchen : C.H. Beck, c1961 … Poets of the Civil War / J.D. McClatchy, editor …. Brussels : NATO Office of Information and Press, 1995. Back to Top …” / De psychologische test : achtergrond en methodiek.”


65.) Freimann, Aron (1939-1945) NYC Public Library / Bibliography

 Aron Freimann

The Judaica-Division of the Frankfurt Municipal and University-Library comprises the largest collection of literature on Judaism and Israel in the Federal Republic of Germany. 1. History The origins of this Collection go back to the old Hebraica and Judaica Collection which was founded at the end of the 19 th century by donations of Frankfurt Jews. At the beginning of the 20 th century it was growing steadily due to the generous support of well-to-do Frankfurt Jewish families, like the Rothschilds, to name only one, but certainly the most famous of these Frankfurt Jewish patriotic benefactors. These families financed the acquisition of large Jewish collections of books and manuscripts of Rabbis and scholars from Frankfurt and abroad. When the last Frankfurt Rothschild, Baron Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild died in 1901, his widow donated his private collection to the library.Aron Freimann was in charge of the collection for 35 years, from 1898 till 1933, and made it the largest and most signifanct Judaica-Collection of the European continent. Thus he created the basis for the collection of today. Freimann was an outstanding personality, named “Master of Jewish Bibliography” and characterized as “the greatest living authority in the fields of Jewish Bibliography” in the 20 century. After being dismissed in April 1933, he succeeded to emigrate to the States in 1939, where he continued to work at the New York Public Library. Being 68 years old, he became the oldest Foreign Scholar on the list of the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Scholars to receive financial aid.

In 1933, after Freimanns dismissal, the collection contained about 40.000 volumes, half of it Hebraica – id est Hebrew books. During the Second World War most of the Hebrew Books were destroyed, with only a few special valuable Hebrew units remaining.The Judaica Old Stocks, containing about 20.000 volumes were rescued, as was the old catalogue compiled by Aron Freimann.

–Thursday, January 22, 2009 The Freimann Family Deaths of April-June 1948

In a previous post at the Michtavim blog, I incorrectly mentioned that Alfred (Abraham Hayyim) Freimann — ed., Teshuvot ha-Rambam (Jerusalem: Mezike Nirdamim, 1934) — “was not related to the bibliophile and scholar Aron Freimann of Frankfurt/NYPL” (I have since removed the quote) and I was appropriately corrected by Dr. Rachel Heuberger, Head of the Jewish Division of the Universitätsbibliothek (University Library) Frankfurt am Main, that

“Alfred Freimann was related to Aron Freimann quite closely, he was the son of Jacob Freimann, who was the cousin and brother-in-law of Aron Freimann. Jacob Freimann (Alfred Fr. father) was the son of Abraham Chaim Freimann, who was a brother of Israel Meir Freimann, Aron Freimann’s father. Jacob Freimann moved to Ostrowo to study with Aron Freimann’s father, and when the latter died early, Jacob Freimann was responsible for the education of his younger cousin Aron Freimann. He then married Aron Freimann’s sister Regina and so became his brother-in-law. His son Alfred Freimann knew his uncle and second cousin Aron Freimann very well and they were in close contact. It is even believed that the grief of Alfred Freimann’s death in April 1948 was the death blow to Aron Freimann, who died in June 1948.”

For all who made a siyum in Daf Yomi in September 2007, and in preparation for everyone at RIETS-YU who will, in two years time, be studying masekhet Yevamot: Aron and Alfred were related two ways (both as nephew and second cousin), and for one place where Alfred referred to Aron as his uncle, see Teshuvot ha-Rambam (Jerusalem: Mezike Nirdamim, 1934), x. Additionally, Aron Freimann’s granddaughter is Ruth Dresner, wife of late Samuel Dresner whose work on Rabbi Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye was among my favorite introductory works to Hasidic scholarship.

Aron Freimann was a grandson of Rabbi Jakob Ettlinger — the Chief Rabbi of Altona and author of Arukh la-Ner on various Masekhtot and She’elot u-Teshuvot Binyan Zion, and founding editor of two rabbinic journals, Der treue Zionswächter (German) and Shomer Tsion Ha-Ne’eman (Hebrew) — both by birth and marriage (as he married his first cousin, Therese Horovitz, daughter of Rabbi Markus (Mordechai) Horovitz, author of She’elot u-Teshuvot Matteh Levi), and see his Sefer Avnei Zikaron (Frankfurt, 1901), of inscriptions in the Jewish cemetery in Frankfurt am Main; about Rabbi Jakob Ettlinger, see Judith Bleich, “Jacob Ettlinger, His Life and Works: The Emergence of Modern Orthodoxy in Germany,” (PhD dissertation, New York University, 1974), and though the following source, “take[s] little account of the material on Ettlinger in the periodical literature of the time” (Bleich, 1n1), the volume published a century ago by Eduard Duckesz, Iwoh LeMoschaw (Krakau, 1903), 114-124 (Hebrew), includes a photomechanical reproduction of Rabbi Ettlinger’s photograph (p. 115) and tombstone inscription (p. 123). Duckesz published a sequel to this volume in idem, Hakhmei Ahu (Hamburg, 1908) (Hebrew), which has, interestingly, been the subject of discussion some two decades ago in Tuvia Lasdon, “Hakhmei Ahu,” Dos Yiddishe Vort 36:281 (January 1989): 28-37 (Yiddish), though this has not yet been noted within the published scholarly literature; and about Rabbi Markus (Mordechai) Horovitz, see the bibliographical entry in Michael Brocke and Julius Carlebach (eds.), Biographisches Handbuch der Rabbiner: Rabbiner der Emanzipationszeit 1781-1871 (München: Saur, 2004), and for a brief discussion, see Adam S. Ferziger, Exclusion and Hierarchy: Orthodoxy, Nonobservance, and the Emergence of Modern Jewish Identity (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), 154-155. On Aron Freimann, see Rachel Heuberger, “Aron Freimann: Master of Jewish Bibliography,” Jewish Studies 40 (2000): 97-107, which used unpublished archival and private correspondences from Frankfurt and New York, and the earlier article by Alexander Marx & Boaz Cohen, “Necrology: Aron Freimann,” Proceedings of the American Academy of Jewish Research 17 (1947-1948): xxiii-xxviii. See also Rachel Heuberger, “Orthodoxy versus Reform: Case of Rabbi Nehemiah Anton Nobel of Frankfurt a. Main,” Leo Baeck Institute Year Book 37 (1992): 45-58, which is related to her recently-published-volume, Rabbi Nehemiah Anton Nobel: The Jewish Renaissance in Frankfurt am Main (Frankfurte am Main: Societät, 2007), among the beloved books that I happily shlepped with me to Jerusalem in August 2008. On Alfred (Abraham Hayyim) Freimann, see Ephraim E. Urbach, “Dr. Abraham Hayyim Freimann,” Kiryat Sepher 25 (1948/49), 105-108 (Hebrew); and idem, “Dr. Abraham Hayyim Freimann: Kavim ledmuto,” in Ephraim E. Urbach: Studies in Judaica (Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnes Press, 1998; Hebrew), 2:870-871. For genealogical information on the entire family, see Aron Freimann, Aus dem Stammbaum der Familien Ettlinger-Freimann-Horovitz (Berlin, 1925). / Posted by Menachem Butler at 7:02 PM


66.) Freund, Rudolf (1933-1934, 1938-1944) U of Virginia / Economics

Rudolf Ernst Freund (1901-1955) was born in Psorzheim, Germany and received his Ph.D. from Heidelburg University. He left Germany in 1934 because of Hitler’s rising regime and went to Sweden. [Received grant from Rockefeller Inst.] Freund taught at the University of Virginia from 1939 to 1946 before joining the North Carolina State College. Dept. of Agricultural Economics faculty.

JSTOR: Introduction to Statistical Reasoning “Rudolf J. Freund. Journal of Farm Economics, Vol. 40, No. 2, 502-503. May, 1958. … RUDOLF J. FREUND Virginia Polytechnic Institute.” / 3. JSTOR: Principles of Statistical Analysis. “RUDOLF J. FREUND, Virginia Polytechnic Institute MANY recent textbooks in statistics for business and social science students havs recognized the increasing …”

Rudolf Ernst Freund (1901-1955) was a professor of Agricultural Economics at North Carolina State College (later North Carolina State University) from 1946 to 1955. The Rudolf Ernst Freund Letter and Essay contains a letter from historian Carl Becker and a short paper written by Freund. / Rudolf Freund, “Military Bounty Lands and the Origins of the Public Domain,” Agricultural History 20 (January 1946): 10. …”

“Rudolf Freund, Vienna University of Technology, Austria…” … JSTOR: The Plantation South, 1934-1937 “Certainly, the re- port itself stands out as a significant contribution toward this desired end. RUDOLF FREUND University of Virginia.” / “University of Virginia—Rudolf Freund, 1939–46, rural econ. Wilson Gee. 5514. 0201. University of Virginia—Honors Program, 1951–52, visits …”

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